Discovering the Spiritual Truth
The understanding of the spirit self, the nature of our present atmosphere, the transcendental reality and the goal of life is gained by a specific process.
In this process, there is the need to submissively hear from a bonafide spiritual master.
The submissive hearing is possible only by surrender to guru. The more one is surrendered, the more the teachings of the guru will penetrate the heart, fewer the mundane barriers to learning.
This is called as the descending process.
There is no need to speculate or research about the truth. Simply by humbly hearing from Guru the truth becomes manifest.
There are 3 authorities in this process. Guru, Sadhu, and Shastra.
The Vedic scriptures are not man made. They are apurusheya – given by God. The flaws of human perception namely, 1) Imperfect senses, 2) Propensity of illusion 3) Tendency to make mistakes & 4) Tendency to cheat, do not exist in the Vedic scriptures.
In the Bhagavad-Gita Chapter 4 entitled “Transcendental Knoweldge”, Lord Krishna clearly directs us to approach a guru, submissively hear from him in surrender and service, asking relevant questions humbly [Bhagavad-Gita 4.34]. Lord Krishna refers to such a guru as tattva-darśi or seer of Truth. The guru is a self-realised, pure devotee of the Lord appointed by his guru to continue the lineage.
Sadhus are illustrious acharyas of the same and other paramparas (lineages)
Faith in Guru
It is stated in the Śvetāśvatara Upaniṣad (6.23):
yasya deve parā bhaktir
yathā deve tathā gurau
tasyaite kathitā hy arthāḥ
“The real import of the scriptures is revealed to one who has unflinching faith in both the Supreme Personality of Godhead and the spiritual master.”
Implicit faith in the Lord and guru creates an inner mood of gravity and reverence in the approach to learning. Such a state of consciousness is the platform for spiritual enlightenment.
The nuances of parampara understanding are acquired by sacrifice and surrender to the Guru who is the current link in the lineage. Spiritual knowledge propagates only if the message strictly adheres to knowledge passed down in the lineage.
Hence, care is needed in acquiring spiritual truth. Learning in the descending process is the only way to know the Truth. The right approach and attitude in learning under this system is the key to unlocking the mysteries of spiritual science.