Srila Svarupa Damodara Goswami was Chaitanya Mahaprabhu’s personal secretary and always stayed with Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. He is the eternal associate and friend of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.
When Sriman Mahaprabhu took Sannyasa, he became half-mad. He is more like the second Mahaprabhu, in the sense that he fully understood the Lord’s conclusions on Krishna-tattva and Krishna-bhakti, and could fully represent them. As such, whoever wanted to bring before the Lord a book, poem, or song would first bring it to Svarupa Damodara, who would examine it before the Lord would hear it. The Lord did not delight in hearing literature and song which was opposed to the conclusions of bhakti (bhaktisiddhanta-viruddha), or which contained rasabhasa, conflicting devotional mellows. Therefore, Svarupa Damodara would examine these things, and if he decided that they were pure, then he would arrange for the Lord to hear them.
Svarupa Damodara was an expert in music and Vedic scriptures – he was called Damodara because of his expert singing and musical skills. He has also compiled a book of music called sangita-damodara. Svarupa Damodara would sing for Shri Chaitanya the songs of Vidyapati, Chandidasa, and Gita-Govinda, and this gave the Lord much pleasure. Svarupa Damodara could sing like a Gandharva, and he knew the scriptures like Brihaspati, the guru of the demigods.
Svarupa Damodara always stayed near the Lord Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. Svarupa Damodara, the Lord’s secretary, could instantly read the feelings of Sri Caitanya, and he began to sing a suitable verse or perform kirtan to improve Lord’s internal sentiments.
Svarupa Damodara has been identified as Lalita-devi, the second expansion of Radharani. However, text 160 of Kavi-karnapura’s authoritative Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika describes Svarupa Damodara as the same Visakha-devi who serves the Lord in Goloka Vrndavana. Therefore it is to be understood that Sri Svarupa Damodara is a direct expansion of Radharani who helps the Lord experience the attitude of Radharani.
On the second day of the bright fortnight in the month of Ashadha, he passed away from this earth and entered into the Lord’s unmanifest pastimes.
Let us pray to this great personality, whose mercy is of utmost importance for advancement in spiritual life to give us love of God – Sri Krishna bhakti.