Lord Sri Krishna performed His loving pastimes (lilas) with his most glorious devotees in the forests of Vraja, on the banks of River Yamuna, in the groves and gardens of Vrindavan and in the precincts of Govardhana Hill, revealing His own nature in complete disclosure. During the time of Sri Krishna, the most sacred Vraja Dhama consisted of twelve verdant forests with flower laden twining vines and fruit trees of all seasons, bird songs that rent the air with sweet sounds, cool breezes and the Yamuna's waters that enhanced the atmosphere.
When Lord Sri Krishna concluded His transcendental pastimes on earth, His great grandson, King Vajranabha of Mathura, established many of the holy places as villages named after the pastimes (lilas) of Krishna. He installed many Deities of Krishna and revealed many kundas (sacred ponds) and kunjas (sacred groves) where Sri Krishna had performed His pastimes.
In 1486, Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu advented on this earth to personally exemplify and broadcast the science of Bhagavad-gita that Lord Sri Krishna had spoken during His advent 4,500 years before. Sri Chaitanya also turned a spotlight on Krishna’s most glorious devotees in Vrindavan. He taught that the most sacred place where Lord Sri Krishna appeared with His most exalted devotees is Sri Vrindavan. In October 1512, Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu arrived at Vrindavan, in search for the site of Krishna’s pastimes. But, the spiritual glory of Mathura was almost forgotten and besieged by political and religious attacks.
Vrindavan was then a thick forest. Only Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, with His divine vision, could discern the exact locations of Krishna’s lila.He ordered His principal disciples, the six Goswamis of Vrindavan, to excavate the newly discovered sites and build temples there. Sri Chaitanya did this during the height of the Mughal persecutions which testifies His fearlessness and extraordinary supra-natural abilities. The Goswamis also displayed great bravery by following Sri Chaitanya’s orders and going to Vrindavan during the reign of a series of fanatical sultans.
In early 1960s and 1970s, a great devotee of Lord Sri Krishna and Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, His Divine Grace A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Srila Prabhupada (respectfully addressed by devotees as Srila Prabhupada) spread the supreme instruction of Bhagavad-gita and the message of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu all over the world and inaugurated the Hare Krishna movement on a global scale. Following in the footsteps of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, Srila Prabhupada also highlighted the importance of the devotees of Vrindavan and the holy place of Sri Vrindavan. Srila Prabhupada brought devotees from all over the world and explained the glorious position of the holy place, Sri Vrindavan Dhama.